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The de Busli Descendants Under the Vipond Line

Back to Roger de Busli of Tickhill, Yorkshire
this page is still under construction
Note: the de Busli and de Builli spellings appeared interchangeably throughout the generations and appear to have no significance.  They were also recorded as de Bully and in many other minor spelling variations.  See The de Busli/de Builli Surname
Roger de Busli was one of the great Norman Lords who arrived with William, Prince of Normandy, in his conquest of England in 1066 and received a large barony in Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire for his support.  He built a castle at Tickhill from which he ruled his barony (the Honour of Tickhill) until his death in 1099 upon which the king took back the land which Roger had held directly from him although it was later returned to a descendant of Roger's daughter Beatrix in 1222.  See The Legal Battle Over Roger de Busli's Land
Roger had also acquired some significant land holdings in his own right from other Norman nobles which he passed down to his young son and heir, Roger II.  Roger II then died at about age 6 in 1101 with his heir his cousin, Jordan de Busli, the eldest son of Roger de Busli's brother Ernold de Builli who had pre-deceased Roger.  Jordan also held tenancy of several manors near Tickhill including the manors of Kimberworth and Maltby after Roger's death.  The Domesday Book recorded these manors as held in demesne by Roger in 1086 so he either received them in Roger's Will or he was awarded them by the king when he took Roger's land back.  Jordan's holdings were passed to his heir Richard de Busli whose heir was John de Busli in about 1179.  
John's only child and heir was a daughter, Idonia de Builli who married Robert Vipond sometime in the 1190's. 

Robert Vipond

(the following reports of the scutages for Tickhill are all from Extracts from The Pipe Rolls for the counties of Nottingham and Derby: from the earliest period until the reign of King Edward I)
Robert was a prominent noble in royal service principally in Normandy and northern England.  By 1195 he was made custodian of the Honours of Peverel, Higham Ferrers and Tickhill.  When King Richard assessed a scutage (tax) on his nobles in 1198 to pay his army in Normandy it was Robert de Veteri-Ponte who was assessed the scutage for the Honour of Tickhill. 
One of the knights of the Honour of Tickhill whom Robert paid scutage for in 1198 was his father-in-law John de Builli.  ref.
Then in 1199 when King John assessed a scutage to pay for his own coronation, Robert was again responsible for paying it for the Honour of Tickhill.  This was the first tax which King John levied on his nobles which was considered 'illegal' and which would lead to the First Barons War in 1215. ref.
In the Scutage of The Honour of Tickhill in 1203/04 John de Builli was assessed 12 marks for his 6 knight's fees (the same 6 knights fees for the manors which the family had held since Ernold) and Robert de Vipont was assessed 18s. ref.
From 1205 to 1210 Robert de Vipont and Richard de Bellocampo were listed as the custodians of Tickhill.
John de Builli is listed in the scutages of Tickhill until 1213, the year he died.
Every de Busli history I could find ends at this point with John's death, no male heir and the family's 6 knight's fees (Kimberworth, Maltby, Sandbeck and a few other small holdings) passing to the Vipond family.  Some state specifically that the de Busli/de Builli name then became extinct.
However, I have found several references to show that this line did carry on, see The Line of Descent From Ernold de Builli of Kimberworth, Yorkshire
There were also the de Boeles who start to appear as Norman nobles with significant land in Bedfordshire just as the de Builli family passed the last of their land in Yorkshire on to the Viponds.  That timing plus the fact that John, the last of the de Builli senior line, had acquired extensive holdings in Bedfordshire by marriage including several where we then find de Boeles and added to that the several connections which I've found between the de Boeles and the Viponds makes it tempting to consider whether the de Boeles were only connected to the Viponds or were actually a cadet line of the de Buillis.    See The de Busli/de Builli, Vipond and de Boeles Connections
Whether they were related of not, the de Boeles/de Boelles were Norman nobles from whom I can show that the Bowles surname developed over the next 500 years, certainly in Bedfordshire and probably in a few other counties as well. 
Many English Bowles family histories, wishing to have a noble Norman origin, have claimed a descent from the Bolles of Swineshead, although without sufficient proof of such a connection and with the Bolles claim to have been the Lords of Swineshead proven to be false in any case, may now wish to explore their possible origin in Bedfordshire for a truly noble Norman origin of the highest order.

The de Builli and de Buelles Ongoing Connections to the Viponds

After John de Builli's death in 1213 Robert Vipond continued to be a custodian of Tickhill until the Honour and castle was lost in the legal battle with the Countess of Eu in 1222.  There are no further references to de Buillis in the scutage lists after John, which just means that there were no further de Buillis holding land in Tickhill for which knight's fees were assessed, but the fines list for Nottinghamshire in 1220 includes 'Elias de Buell, constable of Tickenhal, Will. de Buell'.
There is a further reference in the Fine Rolls of 3 Henry III (1218-1219) stating specifically that a William de Buell, the steward of Tickhill, owed money to the king. ref.
It is interesting that the de Buelles/de Boeles appear in Tickhill just after the de Busli/de Buillis end there and then soon after in Bedfordshire and are connected to the Viponds in both places but at this point it is just interesting.  There is nothing yet to indicate that the de Boeles were related to either the de Buslis or the Viponds. In fact the existence of the two neighbouring demesne towns of Busli and Boeles indicate Roger de Busli and Hugh de Boeles were from those neighbouring towns and so would likely be more like allied families than relatives.  It could still go either way yet but further information is needed.
The fines for Nottinghamshire in 1228 include 'Countess Augi 121 m for 60 fees, 3 parts 1 fee of the fee of Tickhill; Robert de Wulrington 2 parts of 1 fee; Hugo de Buell 1 fee.'  The Countess Augi was the Countess of Eu who had won the legal case against Robert Vipond in 1222.  I believe that the Hugo de Buell of Tickhill in this 1228 reference and William de Buell of Tickhill in the 1219 and 1220 references are the brothers Hugh and William de Boeles who served the king from the 1220's to the 1250's/1260's whom we also know had a connection to the Viponds.

Robert and Idonea's son and heir, John Vipond continued to hold the de Builly family's 6 knight's fees in Kimberworth, Maltby and Sandbeck until his death in 1241.  His heir, Robert Vipond, who was about 2 years old when his father died, was made the ward of a John Fitz Geoffrey but apparently Robert's land was put in the custody of others during the boy's minority.  Specifically we know that when one of the king's knights, William de Boeles, died in Gascony in 1254 while serving the king, he bequested 'custody of the manor of Manteby of the Honor of Tykehill until the legal age of the son and heir of John de Veteri Ponte' to his brother Hugh de Boeles. ref.  (note: while 'Manteby' appears in the transcription, the script in the original document would have been very hard to decipher and the Viponds only held the three properties listed above in Tickhill so that must be Maltby)
See The de Boeles in Royal Service below for more on the brothers, William and Hugh de Boeles, who served as the king's knights in England and in his wars in Wales and on the Continent.
Possibly also interesting is that when Robert Vipond was a custodian of Tickhill the other custodian was Richard Belcap (the 1204/05, 1207/08 scutage list), Richard de Bellocampo (the 1205/06 list), Richard de Bellocap (the 1206/07 list) and Richard de Belcap (the 1209/10 list).  These are all variations on the early form of the Beauchamp family name.  This was a very extensive and powerful Norman family in the north of England.  Although they don't seem to have been fully sorted out yet I found one reference that this Richard was a younger son of Hugh de Bello-Campo, son and heir of Reginald de Bello-Campo of Eaton-Socon, Bedfordshire.  That possibility is supported by the list of fines for Nottingham in 1220 which includes Hugo fil Reginald de Etton (Hugh son of Reginald of Etton) in the same list as Elias de Buell and William de Buell.  The de Buelles of Bedfordshire had strong connections to the Beauchamps of Eaton-Socon by the 1180's.
Robert de Vipond died in 1228 leaving his widow, John de Builli’s daughter Idonea, and their son John who died in 1241 leaving a young son Robert II.  Idonea retired to her manor of Sandbec which just before her death, just days after her son John's, she granted to the Monks of Roche Abbey along with her body.  Robert II died in battle in 1263 leaving two daughters, Isabel and Idonea, as his heirs which resulted in the last of the de Builli property which had been passed to the Viponds being taken to the Clifford and Leybourn families by their marriages.

The de Boeles in Royal Service

under construction
Brothers William and Hugh de Builli were knights in service to the King in the 1200's. 

The de Buillis in Bedfordshire

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